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Mental Mondays: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)- What You Need To Know

Mental Mondays: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)- What You Need To Know


Most of the time, our representation and definition of a thing is derived from mass media. In representing PTSD as a disease, they have often painted a picture of soldiers who have returned from battle. The reality, however, is far from that. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) affects many more groups of people, other than the popular war survivors. We could even stretch it a bit and say that it affects majority of people, and we wouldn’t be wrong.

What is PTSD?

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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a condition where a person fails to recover from experiencing or witnessing a terrifying event. PTSD can occur as a result of any traumatic event like natural disasters, sexual abuse, war, or any near-death experience.

Symptoms may include but are not limited to the following…

#1. Intrusive memories

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Sufferers of PTSD are often bombarded with memories of the event and these memories are repeated as though they are happening again. It includes dreams about the traumatic event as well as physical reactions to things that remind them of the trauma.

#2. Avoidance

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Oftentimes, those who are affected by Post-traumatic Stress Disorder may avoid places that remind them of the traumatic event. They may also avoid anyone and situations that make them talk about the occurrence.

#3. Negative changes in thought process

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Symptoms of PTSD also include negative thoughts like hopelessness, suicidal inclinations, and memory problems. Most PTSD patients become detached and their personal relationships suffer as a result.

#4. Physical and emotional reactions

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People with PTSD are often on guard about both their physical and emotional environment. They often feel paranoid, and constantly look out for signs of danger.

Many people who are exposed to a traumatic event experience symptoms similar to those described above in the days following the event. For a person to be diagnosed with PTSD, however, symptoms must last for more than a month and must cause significant distress or problems in the individual’s daily functioning.


Because the symptoms of PTSD overlap with the symptoms of other mental illnesses, it is quite difficult to diagnose. However, when medically diagnosed, counseling has been recorded as the most effective form of treatment.

There are a number of treatments under counseling that help. Some of which are Prolonged Exposure Therapy, Narrative Exposure Therapy, Cognitive Processing Therapy and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing.

If you or anyone you know exhibits any of the above, seek medical help immediately. It is better to get the appropriate treatment from a licensed professional than to feign ignorance and get deeper into this mental condition.

Featured image: Joice Kelly | Unsplash

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