ou went from “have one more baby,” to “how on earth did we have all these kids?” Now, your home is filled with those little bundles of joy, but it surprises you where they all came from in such a short time. While this is great and kids are always welcome, you know that having another baby isn’t the right move for you at the moment, and you want to ensure no “accidental pregnancies” occur down the line. types of birth control methods.
Let’s face it, considering the heavy bills that accompany big households, life’s easier when you are more deliberate about childbearing. That’s where birth control comes into play. Birth control is any means devised to prevent pregnancy, and ensure you can properly plan your household. From the options that prevent the sperm from coming in contact with the eggs to those that kill the sperm, there’s a lot to choose from.
In order to make the right choice, you should consider your medical history, lifestyle, and how sexually active you are. This is true when you and your spouse live in different regions. For example, a couple that lives together will definitely get kinky under the sheets more often than a couple that doesn’t. Therefore, the birth control method best suited for couple A will differ from that of couple B. Any method you choose, rest in the fact that pregnancy won’t creep up on you.
Check out 12 effective birth control methods to choose from…
There are two types of condoms available today. They are male and female condoms.
The male condom
The male condom is arguably the most popular form of birth control. The condom is placed over the male sexual organ before intercourse and they come in different sizes to suit various penis lengths and widths. When used correctly, the male condom has been proven to be 82% effective to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases.
The female condom
These are not as popular as male condoms, although they’re almost as effective. Female condoms are made of polyurethane and you have to be a bit more deliberate when using them. It is inserted into the vagina while the ring stays outside the vagina for easy removal after sex.
#2. The pill
This method of birth control is 91% effective, although it’s hormonal in nature. This means that it alters the hormones, so it is usually accompanied by side effects. It works to prevent the release of eggs and stops the sperm from making its way into the uterus by thickening the cervical mucus. That’s one-time mucus is very welcome. This method is preferred because it doesn’t have to be inserted but the downside is that it has to be taken at the same time daily and if this isn’t adhered to, the effectiveness is not guaranteed.
#3. Vasectomy birth control
This is a medical procedure for men that is carried out through surgery. During the procedure, the vas deferens–part of the male reproductive system that transports sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory ducts in anticipation of ejaculation–is removed, thus, making it almost impossible for the man who undergoes this procedure to impregnate a woman.
#4. Cervical cap
This is also known as diaphragm. It is inserted into the vagina hours before sex and can remain in there for 48 hours. This rubber cap shields the entrance of the uterus from sperm, making it almost impossible to get pregnant. It’s used alongside a contraceptive cream which stops sperm movement
#5. Tubal Ligation
This method requires surgery where the fallopian tubes are blocked. Once this procedure is done, it ensures that the sperm never reaches the eggs. A note of warning, however, is to ensure that this process is carried out by a licensed professional.
#6. The contraceptive patch
The patch is put on the woman’s skin once a week for three weeks and on the fourth week, its effect is still potent even without application. This hormonal procedure is easy and readily available. It is placed on a woman’s skin on a monthly basis and releases hormones daily to hinder egg production. It is usually placed on the arms, buttoks, or shoulders.
This procedure is handled by a doctor and is given as a shot that lasts for 12 weeks. It thickens the mucus of the cervix–the uterus lining–and stops the ovaries from releasing eggs.
#8. Awareness of your monthly cycle
With this method, you monitor your monthly cycle and avoid sex during your fertile window. In this method, you have sex only during your safe period, that is to say when you have the least chance of getting pregnant. As accurate as this can be, it would limit the number of times you can have sex with your spouse.
#9. Withdrawal method
If done right, this is pretty accurate. Just before he ejaculates, the man removes his penis from the vagina and comes anywhere else (that’s up to you both *winks*). This method ensures that the sperm doesn’t get into the vagina. The con of this method is that sometimes, he may get overly excited and not withdraw in time. It requires a great deal of self-control. types of birth control methods.
#10. The contraceptive ring
As the name implies, this is a ring. It is inserted deep inside the vagina and releases hormones in low quantities that prevent the ovaries from producing eggs. It has to be renewed monthly for the best result.
#11. Intrauterine Device (IUD)
This device is either copper or hormonal. It’s inserted inside the vagina by a doctor and stays in place irrespective of how active your lifestyle is. It could last from 4-8 years depending on what option you choose and it can be removed at any time. IUD, just like most birth control options, prevents fertilization of the egg.
This implant is hormonal and must be inserted and removed by a medical professional. It lasts for three years and must be removed once this specified time elapses.
Featured image: Reproductive Health Supplies Coalition/Unsplash
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